man B::Lint () - Perl lint


B::Lint - Perl lint


perl -MO=Lint[,OPTIONS]


The B::Lint module is equivalent to an extended version of the -w option of perl. It is named after the program lint which carries out a similar process for C programs.


Option words are separated by commas (not whitespace) and follow the usual conventions of compiler backend options. Following any options (indicated by a leading -) come lint check arguments. Each such argument (apart from the special all and none options) is a word representing one possible lint check (turning on that check) or is no-foo (turning off that check). Before processing the check arguments, a standard list of checks is turned on. Later options override earlier ones. Available options are:

Produces a warning whenever an array is used in an implicit scalar context. For example, both of the lines
    $foo = length(@bar);
    $foo = @bar;
will elicit a warning. Using an explicit BIscalar() silences the warning. For example,
    $foo = scalar(@bar);
implicit-read and implicit-write
These options produce a warning whenever an operation implicitly reads or (respectively) writes to one of Perl's special variables. For example, implicit-read will warn about these:
and implicit-write will warn about these:
Both implicit-read and implicit-write warn about this:
    for (@a) { ... }
This option warns whenever a bareword is implicitly quoted, but is also the name of a subroutine in the current package. Typical mistakes that it will trap are:
    use constant foo => 'bar';
    @a = ( foo => 1 );
    $b{foo} = 2;
Neither of these will do what a naive user would expect.
This option warns whenever CW$_ is used either explicitly anywhere or as the implicit argument of a print statement.
This option warns on each use of any variable, subroutine or method name that lives in a non-current package but begins with an underscore (_). Warnings aren't issued for the special case of the single character name _ by itself (e.g. CW$_ and CW@_).
This option warns whenever an undefined subroutine is invoked. This option will only catch explicitly invoked subroutines such as CWfoo() and not indirect invocations such as CW&$subref() or CW$obj->meth(). Note that some programs or modules delay definition of subs until runtime by means of the AUTOLOAD mechanism.
This option warns whenever one of the regexp variables CW$`, CW$& or CW$' is used. Any occurrence of any of these variables in your program can slow your whole program down. See perlre for details.
Turn all warnings on.
Turn all warnings off.


-u Package
Normally, Lint only checks the main code of the program together with all subs defined in package main. The -u option lets you include other package names whose subs are then checked by Lint.


This is only a very preliminary version.

This module doesn't work correctly on thread-enabled perls.


Malcolm Beattie,