# man pzhetd2 (Fonctions bibliothèques) - reduce a complex Hermitian matrix sub( A ) to Hermitian tridiagonal form T by an unitary similarity transformation

## NAME

PZHETD2 - reduce a complex Hermitian matrix sub( A ) to Hermitian tridiagonal form T by an unitary similarity transformation

## SYNOPSIS

- SUBROUTINE PZHETD2(
- UPLO, N, A, IA, JA, DESCA, D, E, TAU, WORK, LWORK, INFO )
- CHARACTER UPLO
- INTEGER IA, INFO, JA, LWORK, N
- INTEGER DESCA( * )
- DOUBLE PRECISION D( * ), E( * )
- COMPLEX*16 A( * ), TAU( * ), WORK( * )

## PURPOSE

PZHETD2 reduces a complex Hermitian matrix sub( A ) to Hermitian tridiagonal form T by an unitary similarity transformation: Q' * sub( A ) * Q = T, where sub( A ) = A(IA:IA+N-1,JA:JA+N-1).

Notes

=====

Each global data object is described by an associated description
vector. This vector stores the information required to establish
the mapping between an object element and its corresponding process
and memory location.

Let A be a generic term for any 2D block cyclicly distributed array.
Such a global array has an associated description vector DESCA.
In the following comments, the character _ should be read as
"of the global array".

NOTATION STORED IN EXPLANATION

--------------- -------------- --------------------------------------
DTYPE_A(global) DESCA( DTYPE_ )The descriptor type. In this case,
DTYPE_A = 1.

CTXT_A (global) DESCA( CTXT_ ) The BLACS context handle, indicating
the BLACS process grid A is distribu-
ted over. The context itself is glo-
bal, but the handle (the integer
value) may vary.

M_A (global) DESCA( M_ ) The number of rows in the global
array A.

N_A (global) DESCA( N_ ) The number of columns in the global
array A.

MB_A (global) DESCA( MB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the rows of the array.

NB_A (global) DESCA( NB_ ) The blocking factor used to distribute
the columns of the array.

RSRC_A (global) DESCA( RSRC_ ) The process row over which the first
row of the array A is distributed.
CSRC_A (global) DESCA( CSRC_ ) The process column over which the
first column of the array A is
distributed.

LLD_A (local) DESCA( LLD_ ) The leading dimension of the local
array. LLD_A >= MAX(1,LOCr(M_A)).

Let K be the number of rows or columns of a distributed matrix,
and assume that its process grid has dimension p x q.

LOCr( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a process
would receive if K were distributed over the p processes of its
process column.

Similarly, LOCc( K ) denotes the number of elements of K that a
process would receive if K were distributed over the q processes of
its process row.

The values of LOCr() and LOCc() may be determined via a call to the
ScaLAPACK tool function, NUMROC:

LOCr( M ) = NUMROC( M, MB_A, MYROW, RSRC_A, NPROW ),
LOCc( N ) = NUMROC( N, NB_A, MYCOL, CSRC_A, NPCOL ).
An upper bound for these quantities may be computed by:

LOCr( M ) <= ceil( ceil(M/MB_A)/NPROW )*MB_A

LOCc( N ) <= ceil( ceil(N/NB_A)/NPCOL )*NB_A

## ARGUMENTS

- UPLO (global input) CHARACTER
- Specifies whether the upper or lower triangular part of the
Hermitian matrix sub( A ) is stored:

= 'U': Upper triangular

= 'L': Lower triangular - N (global input) INTEGER
- The number of rows and columns to be operated on, i.e. the order of the distributed submatrix sub( A ). N >= 0.
- A (local input/local output) COMPLEX*16 pointer into the
- local memory to an array of dimension (LLD_A,LOCc(JA+N-1)). On entry, this array contains the local pieces of the Hermitian distributed matrix sub( A ). If UPLO = 'U', the leading N-by-N upper triangular part of sub( A ) contains the upper triangular part of the matrix, and its strictly lower triangular part is not referenced. If UPLO = 'L', the leading N-by-N lower triangular part of sub( A ) contains the lower triangular part of the matrix, and its strictly upper triangular part is not referenced. On exit, if UPLO = 'U', the diagonal and first superdiagonal of sub( A ) are over- written by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements above the first superdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors; if UPLO = 'L', the diagonal and first subdiagonal of sub( A ) are overwritten by the corresponding elements of the tridiagonal matrix T, and the elements below the first subdiagonal, with the array TAU, represent the unitary matrix Q as a product of elementary reflectors. See Further Details. IA (global input) INTEGER The row index in the global array A indicating the first row of sub( A ).
- JA (global input) INTEGER
- The column index in the global array A indicating the first column of sub( A ).
- DESCA (global and local input) INTEGER array of dimension DLEN_.
- The array descriptor for the distributed matrix A.
- D (local output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension LOCc(JA+N-1)
- The diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: D(i) = A(i,i). D is tied to the distributed matrix A.
- E (local output) DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension LOCc(JA+N-1)
- if UPLO = 'U', LOCc(JA+N-2) otherwise. The off-diagonal elements of the tridiagonal matrix T: E(i) = A(i,i+1) if UPLO = 'U', E(i) = A(i+1,i) if UPLO = 'L'. E is tied to the distributed matrix A.
- TAU (local output) COMPLEX*16, array, dimension
- LOCc(JA+N-1). This array contains the scalar factors TAU of the elementary reflectors. TAU is tied to the distributed matrix A.
- WORK (local workspace/local output) COMPLEX*16 array,
- dimension (LWORK) On exit, WORK( 1 ) returns the minimal and optimal LWORK.
- LWORK (local or global input) INTEGER
- The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK is local input and must be at least LWORK >= 3*N.

If LWORK = -1, then LWORK is global input and a workspace query is assumed; the routine only calculates the minimum and optimal size for all work arrays. Each of these values is returned in the first entry of the corresponding work array, and no error message is issued by PXERBLA.

- INFO (local output) INTEGER
- = 0: successful exit

< 0: If the i-th argument is an array and the j-entry had an illegal value, then INFO = -(i*100+j), if the i-th argument is a scalar and had an illegal value, then INFO = -i.

## FURTHER DETAILS

If UPLO = 'U', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary
reflectors

Each H(i) has the form

H(i) = I - tau * v * v'

where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with
v(i+1:n) = 0 and v(i) = 1; v(1:i-1) is stored on exit in

A(ia:ia+i-2,ja+i), and tau in TAU(ja+i-1).

If UPLO = 'L', the matrix Q is represented as a product of elementary
reflectors

Each H(i) has the form

H(i) = I - tau * v * v'

where tau is a complex scalar, and v is a complex vector with
v(1:i) = 0 and v(i+1) = 1; v(i+2:n) is stored on exit in

A(ia+i+1:ia+n-1,ja+i-1), and tau in TAU(ja+i-1).

The contents of sub( A ) on exit are illustrated by the following
examples with n = 5:

if UPLO = 'U': if UPLO = 'L':

( d e v2 v3 v4 ) ( d ) ( d e v3 v4 ) ( e d ) ( d e v4 ) ( v1 e d ) ( d e ) ( v1 v2 e d ) ( d ) ( v1 v2 v3 e d )

where d and e denote diagonal and off-diagonal elements of T, and vi
denotes an element of the vector defining H(i).

Alignment requirements

======================

The distributed submatrix sub( A ) must verify some alignment proper-
ties, namely the following expression should be true:

( MB_A.EQ.NB_A .AND. IROFFA.EQ.ICOFFA ) with

IROFFA = MOD( IA-1, MB_A ) and ICOFFA = MOD( JA-1, NB_A ).